What are the consequences of a spinal cord injury?

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Severe SCI often causes paralysis (loss of control of movements and muscles of the body) and loss of sensation and reflex function below the point of injury, including autonomic activity and other activities such as bowel and bladder control. Other symptoms, such as pain or sensitivity to stimuli, muscle spasms and sexual dysfunction, may develop over time. SCI patients are also prone to develop medical complications such as bladder infections, lung infections and pressure sores.