Acute, Severe Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury: Monitoring from the Injury Site and Expansion Duraplasty
Samira Saadoun, Marios C Papadopoulos
We discuss 2 evolving management options for acute spinal cord injury that hold promise to further improve outcome: pressure monitoring from the injured cord and expansion duraplasty. Probes surgically implanted at the injury site can transduce intraspinal pressure, spinal cord perfusion pressure, and cord metabolism. Intraspinal pressure is not adequately reduced by bony decompression alone because the swollen, injured cord is compressed against the dura. Expansion duraplasty may be necessary to effectively decompress the injured cord. A randomized controlled trial called DISCUS is investigating expansion duraplasty as a novel treatment for acute, severe traumatic cervical spinal cord injury.