Economic Impact of Aging on the Initial Spine Care of Patients With Acute Spine Trauma: From Bedside to Teller.
Furlan JC, Fehlings MG, Craven BC.
Aging of the population has prompted an escalation of service utilization and costs in many jurisdictions including North America. However, relatively little is known on the economic impact of old age on the management of acute spine trauma (AST).
To examine the potential effects of age on the service utilization and costs of the management of patients with acute spine trauma.
This retrospective cohort study included consecutive patients with AST admitted to an acute spine care unit of a Canadian quaternary university hospital between February, 2002 and September, 2007. The study population was grouped into elderly (≥65 yr) and younger individuals. All costing data were converted and updated to US dollars in June/2017.
There were 55 women and 91 men with AST (age range: 16-92 yr, mean age of 49.9 yr) of whom 37 were elderly. The mean total hospital costs for initial admission after AST in the elderly (USD $19 338 ± $4892) were significantly greater than among younger individuals (USD $13 775 ± $1344). However, elderly people had significantly lower per diem total, fixed, direct, and indirect costs for AST than younger individuals. Both groups were comparable regarding the proportion of services utilized in the acute care hospital.
Given the escalating demand for surgical and nonsurgical spine treatment in the age of aging population, the timely results of this study underline key aspects of the economic impact of the spine care of the elderly. Further investigations are needed to fulfill significant knowledge gaps on the economics of caring for elderly with AST.