What does the spinal cord look like?


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The spinal column is made up of bones called vertebrae which are connected by ligaments and muscles. Due to their anatomical location, the vertebrae are divided in the following groups:

  • 7 cervical vertebrae
  • 12 thoracic vertebrae
  • 5 lumbar vertebrae
  • 5 sacral vertebrae

Depending on the level of injury, loss or dysfunction of motor function, sensitivity and vegetative functions, such as bladder and bowel control, blood pressure and temperature regulation, can occur below the lesion site.

Further information on the structure of the spinal cord and the consequences of a spinal cord injury can be found in the Paraplegia section on our website.