Short-lived brain state after cued motor imagery in naïve subjects
Pfurtscheller G, Scherer R, Müller-Putz GR, Lopes da Silva FH
Multi-channel electroencephalography recordings have shown that a visual cue, indicating right hand, left hand or foot motor imagery, can induce a short-lived brain state in the order of about 500 ms. In the present study, 10 able-bodied subjects without any motor imagery experience (naive subjects) were asked to imagine the indicated limb movement for some seconds.
Common spatial filtering and linear single-trial classification was applied to discriminate between two conditions (two brain states: right hand vs. left hand, left hand vs. foot and right hand vs. foot). The corresponding classification accuracies (mean +/- SD) were 80.0 +/- 10.6%, 83.3 +/- 10.2% and 83.6 +/- 8.8%, respectively. Inspection of central mu and beta rhythms revealed a short-lasting somatotopically specific event-related desynchronization (ERD) in the upper mu and/or beta bands starting approximately 300 ms after the cue onset and lasting for less than 1 s.