Monitoring of Short-Term Erythropoietin Therapy in Rats with Acute Spinal Cord Injury Using Manganese-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
Freitag MT, Márton G, Pajer K, Hartmann J, Walder N, Rossmann M, Parzer P, Redl H, Nógrádi A, Stieltjes B
To evaluate the short-term outcome of erythropoietin (EPO) therapy in rats with spinal cord injury (SCI) using manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI).
Rats were divided in an EPO and a control group. Laminectomy at Th11 was performed, followed by SCI. MnCl2 was applied into the cisterna magna and functional recovery was examined after injury using BBB-scoring. Then, rats were euthanized and the spinal cord was extracted for MEMRI. Finally, histological analysis was performed and correlated with MEMRI.
EPO-treated animals showed significantly better functional recovery (P = .008, r = .62) and higher mean signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in MEMRI compared to controls for slices 10-13 (P = .017, R(2) = .31) at the level of the lesion epicenter. Functional recovery correlated significantly with higher SNR values, determined using the mean SNR between slices 10 and 13 (P = .047, R(2) = .36). In this region, histology revealed a significantly decreased number of microglia cells and apoptosis in EPO-treated animals.
MEMRI successfully depicts the therapeutic effect of EPO in early SCI that leads to a significant recovery in rats, a significantly reduced immune response and significantly reduced number of apoptotic cells at the height of the lesion epicenter.
Copyright © 2014 by the American Society of Neuroimaging.